How to Prepare for Kickboxing Before Your First Class

July 1, 2021
How to Prepare for Kickboxing Before Your First Class

No matter how much you prepare for your first kickboxing class, there are always a few things that you forget to do. The most important thing is how to properly stretch before and after the workout. By stretching out your muscles in advance, you can reduce the risk of injury during exercise. Here is discusses few tips below on how to prepare for kickboxing before your first class so that you have an enjoyable experience!

Drink Lots of water

Drink Lots of water

Kickboxing engages with your entire body, as well as your mind. You'll want to stay hydrated during and after the session.

-Hydrate before: Drink plenty of water ahead of kickboxing class so that it's not too much for your bladder when you need a break or visit the bathroom while in class.

-Hydrate afterward: Drink more fluids immediately following sessions, this will help speed up any recovery process from an injury as well as rehydrating lost body fluids due to sweat (people can lose two liters of fluid per hour). Start sipping on something soon afterward, whether it be juice, milk, soup/broth if nauseated, etc, check here.

Take Your Meal Before 2Hours:

Some people say they can eat anything before their workout. But, as a rule of thumb, it is best to have your meal two hours beforehand or more. This gives you plenty of time for digestion and prevents any feeling sluggish due to how long food has been sitting in the stomach.

Wear The Essential Gear

If you were going to attend a boxing camp or an MMA class, you would have to wear the appropriate gear. Kickboxing is no different, and it's a little more complicated than wearing a helmet.

-You need to wear gloves - they're usually padded for your knuckles but not always; how often depends on how much protection that instructor deems necessary. Some classes may be barehanded while others will require hand wraps and headgear too. Ask before you show up in either case so that you know what to expect.

-Make sure whatever shoes you choose are okay with keeping toes taped together as some kickboxers tape their feet for added stability during kicks and punches (and other martial arts).

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5_-n5SPIH9A

Keep First Aid Kit

When you prepare to go kickboxing, first-class keep a mini first aid kit in your purse or bag. You never know how sore you will be after the first kickboxing class, so it is always best to have some basics handy and ready for use.

-Hydrogen peroxide - For minor cuts like a paper cut that are bleeding profusely with hydrogen peroxide
-Bandaids (variety sizes) - A variety of sizes for any size injury from small wounds to large gashes
-Gauze pads (varieties)- To cover those nasty little bumps and bruises
-Antibacterial ointment - It's also great for burns

Be Friendly

Make sure that you are polite and well behaved to others. Show up on time for your class and be mindful of how much time has passed while you are waiting in the lobby.

Conclusion

Kickboxing is a great way to get in shape, relieve stress, and learn some self-defense skills. If you’re interested in trying out the sport but don’t know where to start or what equipment you need on your first day of class, this article will guide you through everything from selecting an appropriate weight for your fitness level all the way up to tips for getting yourself mentally prepared before walking into that class!

How to Improve Lookup Engine Rankings With Forum Profile Backlinks

June 30, 2021
How to Improve Lookup Engine Rankings With Forum Profile Backlinks

A landing web page is the web page that people today end up on after they have clicked on the hyperlink to go to your internet site, or when they variety in your URL. The much more excellent material you have on your web page the much better

Some of the greatest forms of SEO marketing and advertising are promotional post a promotional video, blogs, and implementation of social media sites. The combination of these will increase your ranking.

engine optimization

You can also use the lookup engine optimization marketing promotion for the post blogs, ezine advertising and marketing and other web sites, the attention will certainly help you skyrocket your business to the web realization.

The positive aspects of advertising search engine optimization and marketing are endless. One of the most well-liked genres Internet marketing worldwide.

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Currently, the net marketing and advertising is a substantial public anger entrepreneurs around the world. It has become a vital and crucial thing now identical in the dictionary of any person or company in search advertising and marketing of merchandise and numerous solutions. Now – to – day forum profile hyperlinks backlinks and low price is a very good choice to increase the lookup engine ranking of any website. The use of profile links for better ranking is one of the most wanted right SEO tricks. Now, the query is huge, “how to improve search engine rankings with backlinks forum profile?

search engine rankings with backlinks forum profile

There are several forums on the web. It is vitally important to find the best suitable forum for services of an individual or solutions. Send this, action is vital in creating future very good content material associated with the subject and then include inks profile the resource box or signature box. Only a general need to understand the reality of the material, blog or forum must have the appropriate information to all-around the issue, because it is only then that the reader go ahead and click on the links incoming profile. Additional clicks on these links will reverse end result much more than visiting the site and therefore more sales and profits, go to website.

If this approach is carried out consistently not only the success of immediate income, but also at the same time it concludes an engine to improve the research ranking of the website indicated. These SEO tips are never wasted properly completed. Links Forum profile may be in addition to submitting articles to directories of mail, blogs, content sites free web material and many others. One can call this method as a method of binding a single site, to others via links profile. SEO has a lot of traffic on several major Internet sites.

If a website is classified as a result of search engine optimization, then this website is directly intended to be of higher credibility and reputation. These ranges serve as a recommendation to check the various web sites. With numerous Internet discussion forums, is not a difficult race to choose the most correct hyperlinks to the applicable profile 1 and Backlinks low cost to its website. You can use these community forums, writing boards, weblogs and other sites to attract viewers and other people to click on the backlinks you can include the signature box and lead to site of several.

Richard Mitchell – About the author:

Currently being a performer long time, Lindsay ruled that it was more to understand the growth of the World Wide Web to assist in purchasing their market activities. She initially began building Web sites in 1998, focusing primarily on the basis of the promotion of different artists in Birmingham, Alabama. This was in the days of banner ad Internet hosting sites, such as GeoCities Anglefire. Since she opened her first account Anglefire Lindsay has been glued to the network. Tho

Citizen Eco-Drive Watches

June 29, 2021
Citizen Eco-Drive Watches

Eco-Drive Watches For Men And Women

Citizen is the world's largest watchmaker - but size isn't everything, as they say, and the company has more to offer than the sheer number of timepieces that it sells each year.

The backbone of the Citizen watch collection is the "eco-drive" range. These watches use light, both solar and artificial, to power them.

You won't find many wind-up watches these days, but changing batteries every 12 months or so can be a bit of a pain. With some watches, you can do this yourself, but more often than not this will require a visit to a jewelry store, where they may use special tools to open up your watch and change the battery.

That won't be a problem with a Citizen eco-drive watch. You'll never need to change - or pay someone else to change - a watch battery again!

Citizen Watches

Citizen Men's AR3015-53E Eco-Drive Stiletto Black Ion-Plated Watch

A very modern design, with sleek, minimalist good looks, the Eco-Drive Stiletto has a black, ion plated, face, 36 mm in diameter and very slim at just 5 mm thick.

Even the hour and minute hands are more sharply tapered than normal, which only adds to the overall sleek feel of this watch.

The black stainless steel strap is 20 mm wide. and the watch is water resistant to 30 m (let's call it 100 feet).

Citizen Men's Eco-Drive WR100 Sport Watch BM8430-59E

The black face and the silver, stainless steel case and strap are a nice contrast for this Citizen sports watch.

The dial is 37 mm in diameter and 9 mm thick. The face includes both day and date indicators, just beside the 3.

The stainless steel band is 20 mm wide and the watch is water resistant to 330 feet.

Citizen Men's Eco-Drive Gold-Tone Watch With Leather Strap - BM8242-08E

The uncluttered black dial is easy to read thanks to its gold numerals. It's 36 mm in diameter and 7 mm thick.

The brown, pigskin leather strap is 20 mm wide and this watch is water resistant down to 330 feet.

The Citizen Eco-Drive System

Although the models in Citizen's eco-drive range look exactly the same as any other stylish wristwatch, they actually have a small solar panel behind the dial.

Light, from any source - be it sunlight or artificial light - passes through the glass face, through the face of the dial and hits the solar cell. It is then converted into energy and stored in a lithium-ion battery.

The lithium-ion battery in each Citizen watch will last for the lifetime of the watch and will never require to be replaced.

According to the Citizen website, thanks to their revolutionary eco-drive system, 40 million fewer batteries have been deposited in landfill sites. That's something to think about.

Watches

 Citizen Eco-Drive Watches For Women

Here's a very fashionable bangle watch for women. The square face is 25 mm high by 14 mm wide and the stainless steel strap is 12 mm wide.

It's water resistant to a depth of 99 feet and has a scratch resistant glass face in order to retain its good looks.

Citizen Women's Eco-Drive Palidoro Watch With Swarovski Crystal Accents

Here's another very stylish eco-drive women's watch from Citizen.

The rectangular face is 23 X 15 mm and has swanky Swarovski crystals inlaid into the case.

The stainless steel band is 10 mm wide - nice and slim and not too chunky.

Citizen Women's Silhouette Eco-Drive Watch

Too low to display (as of 10/10/2012) Another watch featuring shiny Swarovski, the Silhouette has a case diameter of 20 mm and is nice and slim at just 7 mm thick.

The gold colored stainless steel strap is a slinky 13.5 mm wide and this watch is water resistant down to a depth of 33 feet.

Are IQ Scores Really Increasing Over Time?

June 21, 2021
Are IQ Scores Really Increasing Over Time

It seems almost mandatory for members of an older generation to decry the intelligence or education of the generation succeeding them. The complaints stretch back for millennia, with even Plato himself bemoaning the sorry state of the youngsters of his time. Political scientist James Flynn, however, noticed that contrary to commonly-held “dumbing-down” scenarios, IQ scores have actually been steadily increasing, at least since the beginning of the twentieth century. This observation is now known as the “Flynn Effect.” But does it necessarily mean that people are actually getting smarter over time, or is there some other, more complex phenomenon going on?

What Do IQ Tests Measure?

What Do IQ Tests Measure

Though there is still a great deal of controversy about what exactly is meant by intelligence, and though some experts argue that there is more than one type of intelligence not measured by standardized tests, IQ is generally considered a fairly accurate benchmark of verbal/linguistic and logical/mathematical aptitude. Scores on standardized IQ tests have risen significantly in the past century, from an average of about 75 in the early 1900s (normalized to reflect mean scores) to 100 in 1990.

This does not appear to be a case of the tests becoming easier, for when modern subjects take a version of the test written thirty years ago, they tend to score higher than they do on the modern version, indicating the older tests are actually easier for them. Additionally, scores on the Raven Advanced Progressive Matrices test, an IQ test designed to measure “fluid intelligence” rather than general knowledge, have increased dramatically in the same time period; subjects who scored in the top ten percentile in 1900 would score in the bottom five percent today, get more.

A More Intelligent Culture?

In his popular book Everything Bad Is Good For You, Steven Johnson observes that the complexity of our modern entertainments — such as television shows, movies, and video games with multiple intertwining plot lines and obscure cultural references — is suggestive of the fact that people’s memory, quick-wittedness, and grasp of complicated interpersonal relationships is far more sophisticated than in the past. While others have argued that this is not a signifier of intelligence so much as a savvy familiarity with cultural tropes, the evolution of popular culture is an intriguing clue as to what the reasons behind the Flynn Effect might be.

Are People Really Getting Smarter?

From the look of the IQ scores alone, it would certainly appear that people in general are getting more intelligent, no matter what the older generation may say. The increase in IQ holds true across the populations of every nation studied. But could there be another explanation? Some have proposed that IQ scores are rising simply because people are becoming more familiar with the tests, or that the pool of subjects who tend to take the tests are already smarter than average.

But in a 2003 Skeptic article, Robert Ehrlich points out that neither of these objections are really valid, since the IQ increase began in earnest well before the tests themselves became ubiquitous on the Internet, and in some countries is given to all men of military age, ruling out a biased sample. He also writes that if intelligence is increasing, it must be entirely due to environmental factors — more schooling, better nutrition — because evolution would not have had time to produce such a dramatic increase.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7p2a9B35Xn0

Towards an Upper Limit of Intelligence

James Flynn himself, years after his famous observations, wrote that he was unsure whether intelligence was really rising, or if the increase in IQ scores translated to an increase in intelligence in the real world. More recently, he suggested that much like improvements in athletic skill, competition, building on past knowledge, and a widening pool of subjects could be pushing human intelligence toward an upper limit, after which a plateau will likely be reached.

FM Whatsapp Apk – An Updated Version of the Prevalent Messaging App

June 20, 2021
FM Whatsapp Apk

FM Whatsapp Apk is an updated version of the prevalent messaging app that offers many different features and functions. It has been reported to be much safer than other messaging apps, as it does not send any data to third-parties or store your messages. FM Whatsapp Apk also provides free voice calls! If you are looking for a new way to chat with friends and family.

FM Whatsapp Apk: Understanding It Better and What to Do Next

Understanding It Better and What to Do Next

The FM Whatsapp apk file was released by some developers as a beta version of their new project in order to test it before launching fully on Android phones worldwide. That's why they made the app open source which means anyone can install, build and distribute its code without any restrictions!

The FM Whatsapp apk file is a modified version of WhatsApp for Android, originally made by the same developers who own this beta version. The difference between it and the original app is that it's completely open source which means anyone can install, build and distribute its code without any restrictions!

This could be very handy if you're one of those people who love tinkering with apps to see what they are really capable off or just want an alternative way of using whatsapp on your phone. Plus, there have been reports about some issues with the official release so maybe installing this app might solve them? It also has access to voice calls although these don't work in all countries as well as group chats where members can contact each other.

Can FMWhatsApp be trusted?

Can FMWhatsApp be trusted

One of the major concerns about FMWhatsApp is that it may contain a virus. This is not really true, as no research has been done by any antivirus software companies to confirm this claim. The app just needs permission for internet access, which many other apps require to function properly on your device and connect you to the Internet.

In addition, if there were malware in the apk file for FMWhatsApp then all of those people who downloaded and installed it would be affected by now. Since millions have used it so far without problems, we are confident that hiding malicious code within an apk wouldn't work at scale anyway; such codes tend to get detected quite quickly when they're discovered over time with large numbers.

FMWhatsApp is a new messaging app that lets you send messages, photos and videos. You can also make voice calls to your friends without paying for anything! It works on any smartphone or tablet with Android systems 2.3+. The interface looks great and it's easy to use too.

It is also available for free. You can download FMWhatsApp from the Google Play Store or iTunes app store. The best thing about this messenger is that it doesn't require you to give your phone number, and registration is completely anonymous. This makes it a great choice if you're looking for an easy-to use instant messaging application with no strings attached.

How To Make Organic Mosquito Repellent

June 19, 2021
How To Make Organic Mosquito Repellent

Encounters with mosquito's can turn an otherwise pleasant day outdoors into endless hours of scratching, but by making your own organic mosquito repellent you can keep the little creeps at a comfortable distance. Organic mosquito repellent has several distinct advantages over commercially prepared solutions, beginning with the price.

An entire gallon of organic mosquito repellent can be made easily for under $10 compared to the same price for only a few ounces of the store bought variety. The harsh and hazardous chemicals that are used in commercial mosquito repellents can be avoided, replaced by non-toxic ingredients that are gentle on the skin of both humans and animals. Best of all, organic mosquito repellents actually smells good which may not seem like a big deal but when you need to inhale odors all day long, they may as well be pleasant, View https://www.globenewswire.com/news-release/2021/04/22/2215508/0/en/Buzz-B-Gone-Zap-Hot-new-Mosquito-Zapper-launched.html for effective information right now.

Make Organic Mosquito Repellent

Most all organic mosquito repellents utilize one of three main ingredients as a base - either witch hazel, grain alcohol or apple cider vinegar. The main objective is to present an organic combination of odors that mosquito's find repulsive, and as a result they will look for a meal elsewhere.

These base liquids are simply placed into a container, infused with essential oils or other fragrances and let to sit for a few days to mix thoroughly. Afterward, the organic mosquito repellent can be placed into a small spray bottle and applied to bare skin, clothing and pets. Even camping gear such as tents, backpacks and sleeping bags will benefit from a shot of organic mosquito repellent in keeping humans comfortable.

Essential oils such as rosemary, pine, basil, juniper and cedarwood work very well in organic mosquito repellents, either alone or in various combinations. The leaves and stems of fresh plants and flowers also are excellent to incorporate into an organic mosquito repellent, as the freshness factor only serves to make the concoction more potent.

Marigolds, tansies or "mums", catnip, lavender and even garlic (if you can stand the smell) all work great to keep mosquito's away. In a pinch, those flowers and plant blooms and leaves can be carried in a pocket or two and will still have a strong effect in deterring mosquito's.

making organic mosquito repellent

The best advice in making organic mosquito repellent is to experiment with varying mixtures and to take note of their effects in keeping mosquito's away. Eventually, through the processes of trial and error the perfect combination of ingredients will be discovered that will serve as a staple of outdoor endeavors for years to come.

Moving by Car with Your Cat

June 18, 2021
Moving by Car with Your Cat

As cats do not particularly enjoy travel, and tend to howl, many cat owners are tempted to try to sedate their pet, however this can be very dangerous, especially if your pet has a negative reaction and you are on the highway, miles from veterinary care.  So the first rule is DO NOT sedate your cat, View https://ipsnews.net/business/2021/04/27/shine-armor-test-auto-lackreiniger-gestartet/ for effective information now..

The second rule is ALWAYS use a cat carrier, kennel, or even a secure cardboard box.  Ideally this should be something the pet has seen before.  Leave the carrier open in your home with a towel on the bottom so your cat can get use to coming and going on its' own and is not frightened.  If you have been unable to have your cat use the kennel prior to your trip, put a towel with his or her scent in the kennel for the trip itself, or even one of your (unwashed) shirts, something with a familiar smell.

Car with Your Cat

Most trips begin in the morning so I will assume yours is too.  The night before your trip make sure the cat is fed early but remove the food before bed time.  Remove water first thing in the morning.  It is a good idea to fill a container with water from home, because on your trip, the cat may refuse to drink different water.  Bring a litter tray with you, ready for use at your destination.  Make sure the cat has an opportunity to use the litter box before the trip.  Put the cat in the carrier and get ready to leave. 

A cat will probably howl and meow for a good portion of the trip.  Do not yell at them, remember this is very stressful for most cats, turn the radio on and try your best to ignore your cat.  You may find putting a sheet over the kennel will help.  Make sure the kennel is not in the sun if it is a hot day. 

NEVER let a cat out of the cage durring your trip at any time, even to be loose in the car.  This is unsafe for you, and the cat, and may even be illegal in some areas (to have a pet loose in a traveling vehicle).  Even at stops for yourself, keep the cat in the carrier.  Keep your stops brief.   Letting the cat out puts it at risk for escape, and cats in places they do not know often will not even respond to familiar voices or people. 

If you are traveling more than an eight hour distance with your cat it is best to break up the trip with an over night stay at a Pet Friendly Hotel.  If you are doing this, set the cat up in the bathroom for the night, give it food, water, and the litter box in the bathroom.  This keeps the cat in a smaller space which will stress it less than having the full room to run around in, plus if your hotel room door is opened, you do not want to risk the cat running out.  If you are only there for one night, make sure you remove the food just before bed time, and water first thing in the morning.  Ideally spending two nights in a row will be better for your cat, but is not always possible. 

traveling more than an eight hour distance

When you reach your final destination, put your cat in a small room to let it relax while you unload the car.  This may be a bathroom or bedroom.  If this is a new house that you are moving in to, select a room where you might want to keep the cat for the first few weeks while you set up house to allow it to adjust out of the way of the unpacking activity. 

How to Watch Stanley Cup Finals 2021 Live Stream on Your Smartphone

June 17, 2021
How to Watch Stanley Cup Finals 2021 Live Stream on Your Smartphone

With the exciting play-off rounds, we're very close to the Stanley Cup Finals. I'm very excited about it, and I guess you're too. In July, I may not always be able to watch the Stanley Cup Finals 2021 live stream on TV at home. That's because I have some work to do.

So, I was looking for a way to watch the games on my smartphone. And guess what, I have found multiple options. As many of you're also looking for such methods, I thought it's worth sharing with you. Therefore, read the full article to know how you can watch the full NHL, including the finals on your Smartphone.

Watch Stanley Cup Finals 2021 Live Stream on Smartphone

Watch Stanley Cup Finals 2021 Live Stream on Smartphone

The Stanley Cup Finals will be available to watch throughout the USA on NBC Network. It has multiple channels that will telecast the games. So, the best way to watch the game is to find a way to stream NBC on the Smartphone. I have found the following ways most effective:

NBC Official Mobile App

I guess you've seen this coming. NBC offers a mobile application for all subscribers. And you can use it to watch the Stanley Cup Finals 2021 live stream on your smartphone.

For that, first, you need to download the NBC app. It's available on all mobile platforms. Therefore, everyone can download it regardless of the operating system you're using.

After downloading, sign up with the credential of your TV network providers. And you're good to go. As you have already subscribed to their television network, you don't need to subscribe again. However, in case you don't have a television subscription, you need to pay some money and purchase a subscription plan.

Online Streaming Platforms

There's a lot of online streaming platforms available nowadays. In the USA, few of them stream live TV. That means, through these platforms, you also can stream NBC Network. Some of the popular TV streaming platforms are Fubo TV, Hulu+Live TV, and YouTube TV.

You can visit their website from anywhere in the USA and watch NBC with a subscription. I know you want a smartphone application. These online streaming platforms also have dedicated mobile apps for their customers. Therefore, you can download them and watch your favorite ice hockey games on your Smartphone from anywhere.

One thing to remember, these services are not free of cost. So, when you sign up, you'll have multiple subscription options. Compare them and select the one that you think is best to watch the Stanley Cup Finals 2021 live stream.

The positive side of signing up for streaming platforms is that you get a lot more than just one TV channel. Besides NBC, many more channels and video content will be available to watch once you sign up.

Final Words

Final Words

I hope this article was helpful for you to find a way to watch the NHL Finals. In July, I know I'm going to enjoy the Stanley Cup Finals 2021 live stream. That's because I love hockey, and my favorite team is doing great till now. I hope you also enjoy the Stanley Cup Finals on your smartphone.

The 3D Printing Revolution is Here

June 11, 2021
The 3D Printing Revolution is Here

3D Printing will be the Wave of the Future

3D Printing is going to revolutionize much art, medicine, manufacturing. You name it, and 3D printing will most likely impact many of the common things we do in the future.

3D printing is creating three dimensional objects from a software model using special laser printers with a variety of materials. The material is laid down in successive layers until the object is formed. This can be done with an abundance of materials and even objects to eat have been made with these printers.

The cost is coming down drastically and with that cheaper cost, more and more people and companies are going to be able to design and create all kinds of products.

This page will explore this world and some of the things creatives are doing now with the technology and some of its future promise.

Uses for 3D Printers

Uses for 3D Printers

What can be made with 3D printers is rapidly expanding. Everyone is going to be a designer at some point in the future.

Fashion

At the moment, it looks like this area is evolving as companies who can afford 3D printing centers take the uploaded design and print on their more capable and expensive 3D printers and deliver the product to consumers. An example of a company doing this is Shapeways.

Custom shoes can be created on a 3D Printer by Continuum Fashion.

Biology/Medical

Prosthetic Limbs are being made now with 3D printers. These limbs fit much better than those using old technologies and are much more aesthetically pleasing.

Dental crowns and partials are now being imaged in dentists' offices and transmitted to 3D printers which print out a perfect crown or partial for the patient.

Bioprinting is a phenomenal new promising field that involves the creation of replacement organs using the donor's own cells whereby tissues are created layer by layer until an organ is created. This is an emerging field and full fledged organ creation is not here yet, but it is expected in the fairly near future. Right now, the technology is used for tissue replacement, patching and blood vessel creation.

Art

This is huge field for art of all sorts. You name it: jewelry, sculpture, molding, glass and all kinds of art is being made now with these new printers. New forms will be created as the technology gets even cheaper.

Manufacturing

Manufacturing has been using very expensive 3D printing technologies for years. They are responsible for its growth and its more widespread adoption.

Gaming

3D Printer related Gaming use is big. According to the Idea Factory, it is a 122 billion dollar industry. One company, Ill Gotten Games, has open-sourced a miniature board game called Pocket Tactics which can be modified and printed.

Three Quarters of a Man's Skull Replaced by 3D Printed Implants

Three Quarters of a Man's Skull Replaced by 3D Printed Implants

The FDA approved this process in February 2013. Hundreds of patients a month could benefit from this in the United States alone.

Crowdfunding on 3dinsider

The Verge reported on March 30th, 2013 that the company Matterform is seeking to manufacture a low cost 3D Scanner. The thought behind this is owning both a scanner and a 3D printer will make it possible to replicate homemade or household objects. Crowdfunding has been set up on https://3dinsider.com/3d-printer-plans-news-round-up-for-monday-05052014/.

Review of The Knife of Never Letting Go by Patrick Ness

June 10, 2021
Review of The Knife

Modern children's fiction has become more and more of a blade to cut through the publishing world, as well as cutting through tradition to forge something a little different. The Knife of Never Letting Go is a great example of how 'children's' fiction can deconstruct what we know about the printed text.

The first thing that strikes you when reading this first-in-trilogy text is how different it is. First-person, present-tense narrative is rather post-modern, rather 'Ulysses' but there's something different at work here. The character narrator, Todd, tells his story as it happens, with all the idiosyncrasies and peculiarities of teen-speak and idiosyncratic spelling, not unlike some other teen fiction - I'm thinking of Robert Swindells, here, who has experimented with character narrators in similar ways. However, Todd is much more intriguing.

Review of The Knife of Never Letting Go by Patrick Ness

There's a quiet at the start, as the world waits for something to happen. We are introduced to some of the writer's more basic humour, and his unique-selling-point comes to the fore: not only can we hear the narrator's voice, but that of every body else, too, including the animals. And his characterisation of the dog, Manchee, is great. If dogs had thoughts and talked, they'd talk like Manchee - not unlike, it must be said, Doug, in "Up!" Manchee talks, the sheep talk (although they are barely sentient, and only really aware of their own existence), as do the squirrels and the birds. It certainly makes you question the interesting philosophical question about the sentience of animals.

Not only can we (and Todd) hear the animals' thoughts, but also those of other men. For this is a patriarchal society where women have ceased to exist. As Todd, we see the lies he has been led to believe, and we see each of these lies crumble as he realises the truth about this post-colonial world around him, view our editors post.

This novel is many things. It's a quest, not unlike Harry Potter et al, with the teen anti-hero and the female side-kick. It's not unlike "Lord of the Flies" all-grown-up. What happens to a society of boys when they're all grown up? It's a tale of colonisation, and has its links with "The Tempest" as a commentary on invasion and indigenous tribes. It's a rite-of-passage as a boy undergoes the adventures that will make him a man.

the sharing of everybody else's thoughts

What makes it unique, however, is "The Noise" - the sharing of everybody else's thoughts, which uses a new text presentation method to add to the power of this cacophony in ways that really help the reader get to grips with this Tower of Babel experience, in which nothing is secret. It's incredibly post-modern and yet it fulfils all the requirements for a traditional teen quest story, not unlike 'Wolf Brother', Michelle Paver's one million dollar 7-part epic. This is not only a real must for teens, but also for any writer looking to see how the future of print might change.